About Vadodara city
Vadodara is the third largest city in the Western Indian State of Gujarat, after Ahmedabad and Surat. It is the administrative headquarters of Vadodara District and is located on the banks of the Vishwamitri river, 139 kilometres (86 miles) from the state capital, Gandhinagar.
The city used to be called Chandanavati after its ruler Raja Chandan of the Dor tribe of Rajputs, who wrested it from the Jains. The capital was also known as Virakshetra or Viravati (Land of Warriors). Later on, it was known as Vadpatraka or Vadodará, which according to tradition is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word vatodar meaning in the belly of the Banyan tree. It is now almost impossible to ascertain when the various changes in the name were made; but early English travellers and merchants mention the town as Brodera, and it is from this that the name Baroda is derived. In 1974, the official name of the city was changed to Vadodara.
The city is the home of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, the largest university in Gujarat. It is also known for the Lakshmi Vilas Palace, the residence of erstwhile Baroda State's Maratha royal family, the Gaekwads. An important industrial, cultural and educational hub of western India, the city houses several institutions of national and regional importance while its major industries include petrochemicals, engineering, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, plastics, IT and foreign exchange services.
Vadodara is also the location for large-scale industries such as Indian Oil Corporation(IOCL), Gujarat State Fertilizers & Chemicals (GSFC), Reliance Industries Limited (RIL) and Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Limited (GACL). Other large-scale public sector units are Heavy Water Plant, Gujarat Industries Power Company Limited (GIPCL), Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC) & Gas Authority of India Limited (GAIL).
Vadodara is located at 22.30°N 73.19°E in western India at an elevation of 39 metres (128 ft). It is the 18th largest city in India with an area of 235 square kilometers (91 square miles) and a population of 2.1 million, according to the 2010–11 census. The city is well connected by train and air to the national capital New Delhi and the commercial capital Mumbai. The weather during December will be pleasant with temperatures around 25°C.